graduated from the Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, in 1973, with honors. This was followed up by completing a three-year residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Cairo University (1975 – 1978) during which she earned her master’s degree in Ob/Gyn. She then completed her Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) Certification, in Kansas City (USA), in 1980. She completed a postdoctoral fellowship “in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer” at Ohio State University, USA, 1982.In 1985, she returned back to her home country, and was one of the three founders of the first in-vitro fertilization program in Egypt, in March 1986. She has held the position of managing and scientific director of The Egyptian IVF-ET Center since 1986 until the present.In February.